12.04.2003, 45. ADAC ACAS H&R Cup

Ergebnis Training

Pos StNr Fahrer Zeit Abstand Klasse Pos Gruppe Pos
1 . 682 Strycek Volker Scheider Timo
Bleekemolen Jeroen
Opel Astra V8 Coupé
8:22.241   E1 1 S1 1
2 . 60 Luhr Lucas Bernhard Timo
Kern Wilhelm D.
Porsche GT-MR
8:26.393 04.152 SP7 1 S1 2
3 . 301 Price Jonathan Stippler Frank
Porsche 996 GT3 RS
8:27.975 05.734 SP11 1 S1 3
4 . 681 Adorf Dirk Tilke Hermann
Gallade Ulrich
Jaguar V8 Star
8:39.152 16.911 E1 2 S1 4
5 . 99 Scheid Johannes Kainz Oliver
Merten Mario
BMW M3 E46 GTRS
8:40.064 17.823 SP6 1 S1 5
6 . 3 Deutgen Artur
BMW M3
8:40.611 18.370 H3 1 S1 6
7 . 304 Alzen Jürgen Klasen Arno
Porsche 996 GT3 R
8:43.703 21.462 SP11 2 S1 7
8 . 299 Mamerow Peter Niedzwiedz Klaus
Porsche 996 GT3 RS
8:47.906 25.665 SP11 3 S1 8
9 . 310 Kern Wilhelm D. Wurst Martin
Renger Reinhold
Porsche GT 3 MR
8:52.903 30.662 SP11 4 S1 9
10 . 2 Schall Andreas Schall Ralf
Mercedes-Benz 190E
8:53.895 31.654 H3 2 S1 10
11 . 683 Abt Christian Ekström Mattias
Biela Frank
Audi ABT TT-R
8:57.452 35.211 E1 3 S1 11
12 . 291 Fischer Werner Hohnstedt Ulrich
Grohs Harald
Porsche 996 GT3 R
9:01.485 39.244 SP11 5 S1 12
13 . 311 Dören Edgar Lück Carl Christian
Porsche 996 GT3
9:06.413 44.172 SP11 6 S1 13
14 . 290 Bartels Nils Jacksties Harald
Lorenzo Frank
Porsche GT3
9:06.548 44.307 SP11 7 S1 14
15 . 669 Otto Jörg Weiss Georg
Zinnow Thomas
Porsche 996 Cup
9:06.800 44.559 CUP4 1 S1 15
16 . 666 Jacobs Michael Lambrecht Bert
Hulverscheid Paul
Porsche 911 GT3 Cup
9:07.852 45.611 CUP4 2 S1 16
17 . 295 Rader Klaus Thyssen Joachim
Porsche 996 GT3 RS
9:08.562 46.321 SP11 8 S1 17
18 . 303 Beil Stefan Fischer Norbert
Porsche 996
9:09.588 47.347 SP11 9 S1 18
19 . 7 Schmidt Peter Weiner Ralf H.
Porsche 935 RSR
9:13.445 51.204 H3 3 S1 19
20 . 294 Dill Thomas Silvester Wolf
Porsche 993
9:14.427 52.186 SP11 10 S1 20
21 . 673 Weiland Matthias Kesselmann Oleg
Winter Gerd
Winter Gerd
Porsche Cup GT3
9:18.899 56.658 CUP4 3 S1 21
22 . 320 Paczynski Johannes Haid Bernd
Porsche 993 Carr. RSR
9:19.045 56.804 SP10 1 S1 22
23 . 220 Sengl Stefan Schönauer Reiner
Audi STW A4
9:21.167 58.926 SP3 1 S2 1
24 . 102 Cowgill John Lockie Calum
BMW M3
9:21.349 59.108 SP5 1 S1 23
25 . 120 Hüsken Werner
BMW M3 GTR
9:23.566 1:01.325 SP5 2 S1 24
26 . 83 Leffers Gerhard Adams Rudi
Seher Peter
BMW M3
9:23.637 1:01.396 SP6 2 S1 25
27 . 85 Schaal Michael Eberhardt Andreas
Pillich Hans Joachim
Porsche 996 GT3 R
9:24.304 1:02.063 SP6 3 S1 26
28 . 111 Kleinherbers Reik Behling Christian
Peters Christopher
BMW M3 GTR
9:24.531 1:02.290 SP5 3 S1 27
29 . 88 Kremers Sascha Prüser jun. Walter
BMW M3 E36
9:25.196 1:02.955 SP6 4 S1 28
30 . 671 Reh Carl Rittmeier Meinhard
Grohs Harald
Porsche 996 Cup
9:25.843 1:03.602 CUP4 4 S1 29
31 . 95 Krumbach Jochen Krumbach André
Audi RS 4
9:26.890 1:04.649 SP6 5 S1 30
32 . 667 Croft David Cooke Daniel
Porsche 911 GT 3 Cup
9:27.639 1:05.398 CUP4 5 S1 31
33 . 305 Schneider Achim Distler Kurt
Porsche GT 3
9:29.518 1:07.277 SP11 11 S1 32
34 . 145 Andree Ullrich Middendorf Andreas
Volvo S60
9:29.864 1:07.623 SP4 1 S1 33
35 . 100 Abels Helmut Müller Klaus
BMW M3
9:30.314 1:08.073 SP5 4 S1 34
36 . 150 Karl Hans -Hatto Wehner Rainer
BMW M3
9:31.271 1:09.030 SP4 2 S1 35
37 . 119 Baumgarten Martin Baumgarten Bruno
BMW E36
9:32.154 1:09.913 SP5 5 S1 36
38 . 339 Hahn Klaus Wawer Dr. Ernst-Paul
Porsche 993 GT
9:32.421 1:10.180 SP10 2 S1 37
39 . 121 Obermann Willi Eschmann Michael
BMW M3 GTR
9:34.016 1:11.775 SP5 6 S1 38
40 . 611 Diederich Lothar 9:35.179 1:12.938 CUP5 1 S3 1
41 . 143 Bauer Peter Gerspacher Jürgen
Audi TT-RS
9:35.528 1:13.287 SP4 3 S1 39
42 . 196 Burgmann Friedrich Burgmann Frank
BMW E46
9:36.091 1:13.850 SP3 2 S2 2
43 . 24 Beckmann Hans-Olaf Hass Peter
Opel Manta
9:38.656 1:16.415 H2 1 S2 3
44 . 612 Glath Jürgen 9:38.967 1:16.726 CUP5 2 S3 2
45 . 675 Demuth Guy Sohmit Friderre
Dumont Jean-Marie
Porsche GT 3 Cup 2001
9:39.436 1:17.195 CUP4 6 S1 40
46 . 91 Bohnhorst Ralph
BMW M-Coupé
9:39.608 1:17.367 SP6 6 S1 41
47 . 115 Wader Manfred Wagenstetter Thomas
BMW Compact GTR
9:40.713 1:18.472 SP5 7 S1 42
48 . 92 Wolfsgruber Alfred Gehring Michael
BMW M3
9:40.867 1:18.626 SP6 7 S1 43
49 . 394 Rentél Uwe Engelsberg Karl-Heinz
BMW M3
9:43.427 1:21.186 V5 1 S2 4
50 . 110 Felder Werner Möller Fritz
BMW M3
9:45.305 1:23.064 SP5 8 S1 44
51 . 180 Luther Michael Brandt Fred
BMW M3
9:45.784 1:23.543 SP3 3 S2 5
52 . 399 Bonk Michael Bonk Ralf-Peter
BMW M3
9:45.833 1:23.592 V5 2 S2 6
53 . 565 Viebahn Jörg
Honda Civic Type R
9:47.262 1:25.021 N3 1 S3 3
54 . 82 Lloyd John Bolz Helmut
BMW M3
9:48.927 1:26.686 SP6 8 S1 45
55 . 635 Riemer Kai Bunny Bugs
Renault Clio RS Coupe
9:48.936 1:26.695 CUP2 1 S2 7
56 . 201 Thaler Klaus-Peter Remmen Heinz
Renault Clio RS
9:49.863 1:27.622 SP3 4 S2 8
57 . 229 Klüber Josef Haugg Wolfgang
Opel Astra Coupé
9:50.092 1:27.851 SP3 5 S2 9
58 . 155 Stallmann Dr. Friedrich-Wilhel Ley Hans-Jörn
Opel Astra F
9:51.524 1:29.283 SP3 6 S2 10
59 . 116 Nöhring Frank Gallasch Andeas
BMW M3 E 36
9:52.240 1:29.999 SP5 9 S1 46
60 . 330 Kesselmann Oleg Venskaunas Vitas
Porsche 993 GT
9:52.288 1:30.047 SP10 3 S1 47
61 . 624 Schäfer Jens Bell Frank
Renault Clio
9:52.344 1:30.103 CUP2 2 S2 11
62 . 411 Brückner Rainer Brings Peter
Mercedes-Benz 190E EVO1
9:54.723 1:32.482 V4 1 S2 12
63 . 199 Mäder Andreas
Honda S2000
9:55.140 1:32.899 SP3 7 S2 13
64 . 200 Brenauer Franz
BMW 320i
9:57.786 1:35.545 SP3 8 S2 14
65 . 625 Gülchen Andreas Simon Dietmar
Renault Clio Cup
9:57.839 1:35.598 CUP2 3 S2 15
66 . 622 Gerhard Christopher Riebensahm Dirk
Renault Clio RS
9:58.998 1:36.757 CUP2 4 S2 16
67 . 389 Baier Andreas Fendrich Horst
BMW M3 E36
9:59.280 1:37.039 V5 3 S2 17
68 . 408 Böhm Alex Mundorf Thomas
BMW M3
9:59.552 1:37.311 V4 2 S2 18
69 . 388 Griazine Stanislav Truelove Matthew Charles
BMW M3 E36
10:00.271 1:38.030 V5 4 S2 19
70 . 566 Rink Ralph-Peter Lohmann Frank-Dieter
Weiland Andreas
Honda Civic Type R
10:00.689 1:38.448 N3 2 S3 4
71 . 182 Luostarinen Hannu Nuorama Rauno
Lampinen Mikko
Opel Astra OPC
10:00.858 1:38.617 SP3 9 S2 20
72 . 546 Schmitz Wilfried Ecker Michael
Teichmann Andreas
Honda Civic Type R
10:00.967 1:38.726 N3 3 S3 5
73 . 185 Benz Christian Benz Stefan
Renault Clio
10:01.157 1:38.916 SP3 10 S2 21
74 . 187 Jurek Elmar Albisser Markus
Renault Clio
10:01.621 1:39.380 SP3 11 S2 22
75 . 323 Kohlstrung Stefan Otto Bernd
Porsche 993 RSR
10:01.814 1:39.573 SP10 4 S1 48
76 . 560 Venn Peter Bermes Norbert
Allan Dave
Honda Cicic Type R
10:01.960 1:39.719 N3 4 S3 6
77 . 77 Bäder Michael Hagenmeyer Tobias
BMW M3
10:02.187 1:39.946 SP6 9 S1 49
78 . 356 Radulovic Zoran
BMW 330d
10:02.571 1:40.330 SP12 1 S2 23
79 . 414 Stoltz Dr. Thomas Motte Andreas
BMW M3 E30
10:03.016 1:40.775 V4 3 S2 24
80 . 151 Schueck Oliver Pingel Michael
BMW M3 E 30
10:03.415 1:41.174 SP4 4 S1 50
81 . 188 Mies Peter Horn David
Honda Integra Type R
10:04.237 1:41.996 SP3 12 S2 25
82 . 404 Schirra Joachim Wolf Marco
Honda Accord
10:04.968 1:42.727 V4 4 S2 26
83 . 189 Rusack Claus-Dieter Träger Holger
VW Golf III
10:05.702 1:43.461 SP3 13 S2 27
84 . 567 Horn Markus Schneider Bernd
Schumacher Gerd-Michael
Honda Civic Type R
10:06.198 1:43.957 N3 5 S3 7
85 . 235 Martin Ralf Kuhn Reiner
Bernhardt Patrick
Ford Fiesta
10:06.985 1:44.744 SP2 1 S2 28
86 . 360 Wust Hans Werner Fischer Jens
VW Bora TDi
10:07.477 1:45.236 SP12 2 S2 29
87 . 415 Teichmann Karl-Heinz Kreuer Peter
Honda Accord Type R
10:08.950 1:46.709 V4 5 S2 30
88 . 418 Küpper Bernd Koch Klaus
BMW 325i Coupe
10:09.126 1:46.885 V4 6 S2 31
89 . 238 Schjaerin Haakon Sandberg Roger
Drössiger Dino
Honda Norwegen
10:09.191 1:46.950 SP2 2 S2 32
90 . 553 Marsani Michael Keltsch Peter
Kraus Ralf
Honda Civic
10:10.373 1:48.132 N3 6 S3 8
91 . 453 Nett Jürgen Schütz Rolf
Peugot 306 S 16
10:11.468 1:49.227 V3 1 S3 9
92 . 561 Steidel Dr. Joachim Thönnes Harald
Kremp Dirk
Honda Civic Type R
10:11.562 1:49.321 N3 7 S3 10
93 . 401 Molzberger Gerhard Baumert Ulfried
Honda Accord R
10:11.881 1:49.640 V4 7 S2 33
94 . 430 Hönscheid Wolfgang Baur Dirk
BMW E36 325i
10:12.166 1:49.925 V4 8 S2 34
95 . 417 Hancke Sascha Peter Jürgen
BMW M3 E30
10:13.094 1:50.853 V4 9 S2 35
96 . 544 Kuhlmann Frank Giesbrecht Mark
Honda Civic Type R
10:15.116 1:52.875 N3 8 S3 11
97 . 215 Heeg Hans-Joachim Müller Thomas
Renault Clio RS
10:16.021 1:53.780 SP3 14 S2 36
98 . 112 Beckers Günter Holl Sebastian
BMW M3
10:16.611 1:54.370 SP5 10 S1 51
99 . 345 Litzenberger Axel Schulz Hans
Mehne Wolfgang
Porsche 964 RS
10:16.874 1:54.633 SP9 1 S2 37
100. 192 Stoll Christoph Müller Harald
Opel Astra GLS
10:16.875 1:54.634 SP3 15 S2 38
101. 297 Niemeyer Gerd Louisoder Oliver
Zumtobel Dr. Armin
Chevrolet RED Corvette C 5
10:17.176 1:54.935 SP7 2 S1 52
102. 123 Engel André Heigl Christian
Seat Leon 20VT
10:18.149 1:55.908 SP5 11 S1 53
103. 556 Uetrecht Werner Fricke Florian
Honda Civic
10:18.608 1:56.367 N3 9 S3 12
104. 440 Henrich Ludger Schulten Jürgen
Opel Astra OPC
10:18.993 1:56.752 V3 2 S3 13
105. 413 Schmid Thomas Khorasantchi Ali-Reza
Mercedes-Benz 190 E 2,5 16V
10:19.091 1:56.850 V4 10 S2 39
106. 131 Völker Klaus Schäfer Ralf
BMW M3
10:19.632 1:57.391 SP4 5 S1 54
107. 550 Kohlmorgen Knut
Honda Civic Type-R
10:19.806 1:57.565 N3 10 S3 14
108. 190 Hüttinger Bastian Herwerth Andreas
Ford Escort RS 2000
10:21.221 1:58.980 SP3 16 S2 40
109. 10 Schmidt-Staade Jörn Scheulen Peter
Zinn Alexander
Porsche 911 GT
10:21.434 1:59.193 H3 4 S1 55
110. 460 Fritzsche Heinz-Otto Fritzsche Jürgen
Opel Corsa Sport
10:21.917 1:59.676 V2 1 S3 15
111. 569 Scheefeldt Jens Hoppe Marcel
Honda Civic Type R
10:24.261 2:02.020 N3 11 S3 16
112. 545 Gosch Stefan Gosch Ingo
Fladung Jörg
Honda Civic Type R
10:24.557 2:02.316 N3 12 S3 17
113. 637 Roadrunner Riemer Jens
Renault Clio RS Coupe
10:24.711 2:02.470 CUP2 5 S2 41
114. 428 Fuchs Holger Rentél Uwe
BMW M3
10:25.073 2:02.832 V4 11 S2 42
115. 446 Kelly Joey Hoppelshäuser Olaf
Peugeot 306 S16
10:27.076 2:04.835 V3 3 S3 18
116. 462 Wagenstetter Klaus
BMW 318ti Compact
10:28.872 2:06.631 V2 2 S3 19
117. 558 Winter Maic
Opel Astra 16 V
10:29.052 2:06.811 N3 13 S3 20
118. 492 Hoffmann Kornelius Kehl Sven
BMW 318 is
10:29.615 2:07.374 V2 3 S3 21
119. 456 Derscheid Rolf Schlehecker Werner
BMW 318is
10:29.663 2:07.422 V2 4 S3 22
120. 212 Mohr Werner
Peugeot 306
10:30.314 2:08.073 SP3 17 S2 43
121. 463 Silvester Wolf Moritz Friederike
BMW 318is
10:30.457 2:08.216 V2 5 S3 23
122. 461 Giuliani Ivano Packeisen Ullrich
BMW 318is
10:30.607 2:08.366 V2 6 S3 24
123. 214 Frings Timo Neunkirchen Olaf
Honda Civic Type R
10:32.683 2:10.442 SP3 18 S2 44
124. 484 Capelle Dietmar
BMW 318ti
10:33.604 2:11.363 V2 7 S3 25
125. 576 Ströter Hans Georg Esser Frank
Ford Puma RS
10:33.717 2:11.476 N2 1 S3 26
126. 465 Weimer Denis Werker Manfred
BMW 318is
10:36.253 2:14.012 V2 8 S3 27
127. 194 Schedler Mike Mechtesheimer Martin
Buurmann Volker
Seat Ibiza
10:36.601 2:14.360 SP3 19 S2 45
128. 470 Rehfisch Uwe Breunig Christoph
BMW 318is
10:36.667 2:14.426 V2 9 S3 28
129. 441 Wilsberg Hans-Peter Schulte Thomas
Henning Ulrich
Opel Astra OPC
10:36.780 2:14.539 V3 4 S3 29
130. 477 Schild Urs
BMW 318ti
10:37.354 2:15.113 V2 10 S3 30
131. 358 Nemecek Peter Schachinger Johann
Wakolbinger Helmut
BMW 320d
10:39.484 2:17.243 SP12 3 S2 46
132. 655 Hardt Nikolas Tschornia Martin
Ford Puma
10:40.087 2:17.846 CUP3 1 S3 31
133. 469 Hirsch Hannes Wolff Rene
BMW 318ti Compact
10:41.004 2:18.763 V2 11 S3 32
134. 652 Peters Axel Brunnacker Boris
Ford Puma Cup
10:42.805 2:20.564 CUP3 2 S3 33
135. 570 Prümmer Dietmar Scheefeldt Joachim
Hesse Klaus
Honda Civic Type R
10:46.094 2:23.853 N3 14 S3 34
136. 198 Sorg Daniel Sorg Benjamin
Opel Astra SRS
10:46.352 2:24.111 SP3 20 S2 47
137. 410 Lobe Winfried Frey Marcus
Moufang Markus
BMW M3 E30
10:47.424 2:25.183 V4 12 S2 48
138. 350 Rymarzik Hans-Peter
Seat Toledo TDI
10:49.239 2:26.998 SP12 4 S2 49
139. 458 Stephan Ekkehard Heckmann Peter
Knorra Klaus
BMW 318 is
10:49.313 2:27.072 V2 12 S3 35
140. 636 Welchar Carsten Kippschull Marc
Renault Clio RS Coupe
10:50.125 2:27.884 CUP2 6 S2 50
141. 490 Leutheuser Christian Surauer Robert
BMW 318is
10:50.291 2:28.050 V2 13 S3 36
142. 454 Schlacks Siegfried Engelbracht H.-Helmut
Opel Astra G OPC
10:50.735 2:28.494 V3 5 S3 37
143. 447 Webers Detlef Klein Ralf
Orlowski Frank
Opel Astra GSI 16V
10:50.903 2:28.662 V3 6 S3 38
144. 577 Bütenhoft Gerd Behrendt Dirk
Renault Clio Blum
10:51.655 2:29.414 N2 2 S3 39
145. 186 Bauer Werner Brinker Karl
BMW 318 CS E 30
10:52.836 2:30.595 SP3 21 S2 51
146. 230 Ebbing Klaus Zetterer Andreas
Ford Puma RS
10:53.540 2:31.299 SP2 3 S2 52
147. 438 Knour Christoph Kallies Erwin
Kämmerling Martin
Ford Focus ST 170
10:54.054 2:31.813 V3 7 S3 40
148. 237 Herzog Hans-Dieter Ardelt Thomas
Citroen Saxo VTS
10:54.289 2:32.048 SP2 4 S2 53
149. 489 Leube Knut Kadletz Karl
BMW 318is Coupé
10:55.667 2:33.426 V2 14 S3 41
150. 480 Milker Matthias
BMW 318iS E30
10:56.631 2:34.390 V2 15 S3 42
151. 52 Feyen Carola von Danwitz Herbert
Honda Civic
10:58.343 2:36.102 H1 1 S2 54
152. 184 Steil Ronny van Springel Jan
Niemas Michael
Renault Clio RS
10:59.503 2:37.262 SP3 22 S2 55
153. 557 Kendziora Franz-Josef Jäger Stefan
Opel Astra GSI
10:59.776 2:37.535 N3 15 S3 43
154. 355 Kahrs Klaus Kahrs Danyel
Mercedes-Benz C 270 CDi
11:01.382 2:39.141 SP12 5 S2 56
155. 442 Grindel Thomas Lipkow Ralf
Opel Astra
11:02.154 2:39.913 V3 8 S3 44
156. 478 Glodde Thomas Lemmens Wolfgang
Seat Toledo 16V
11:03.254 2:41.013 V2 16 S3 45
157. 53 Esser Dirk Feyen Wilhelm
Honda Civic
11:03.305 2:41.064 H1 2 S2 57
158. 359 Haider Thomas Kutsch Rainer
Hiltscher Marc
BMW 330d
11:03.832 2:41.591 SP12 6 S2 58
159. 439 Schmidt Oliver Domes Dirk
Poppe Udo
Opel Astra OPC
11:04.003 2:41.762 V3 9 S3 46
160. 423 Loerken Gerhard Wiskirchen Jörg
BMW M3
11:06.274 2:44.033 V4 13 S2 59
161. 420 Nawotka Walter Böttcher Mike
Honda Accord Type R
11:06.376 2:44.135 V4 14 S2 60
162. 406 Dick Dieter Kammerl Andrea
BMW 325i E36
11:11.629 2:49.388 V4 15 S2 61
163. 459 Schneider Sven Braun Wolfgang
Ford Puma
11:12.299 2:50.058 V2 17 S3 47
164. 589 Pötzl Maik
VW Polo 16V
11:15.072 2:52.831 N1 1 S3 48
165. 650 Uzdemir Hakan Sluis Thomas
Allendorf Frank
Ford Puma Cup
11:18.149 2:55.908 CUP3 3 S3 49
166. 496 Rövenich Oliver Brügmann Thomas
Ambiel Thomas
Suzuki Swift GTI
11:18.659 2:56.418 V1 1 S3 50
167. 142 Schwarze Hagen Partenheimer Wolfgang
Kleinschmidt André
Hyundai Coupé GK
11:22.688 3:00.447 SP4 6 S1 56
168. 497 Hoffmann Iris Sauren Edmund
Suzuki Swift GTI
11:24.127 3:01.886 V1 2 S3 51
169. 369 Müller Klaus Dose Paul Martin
Audi A 3 R-TDi
11:24.632 3:02.391 SP12 7 S2 62
170. 277 Füchter Norbert Franzen David
Lotus Elise
11:27.286 3:05.045 SP8 1 S2 63
171. 234 Böckmann Sven
Ford Fiesta BR
11:32.229 3:09.988 SP2 5 S2 64
172. 574 Hermann Björn Keese Christian
Herrmann Frank
Ford Puma
11:48.114 3:25.873 N2 3 S3 52
173. 590 Schäfer Bodo Lutz Jochen
VW Polo
11:57.060 3:34.819 N1 2 S3 53
174. 501 Bußmann Jürgen Stock Rene
Ohs Harry
THM Suzuki Swift Gti
12:11.522 3:49.281 V1 3 S3 54
175. 54 Freichels Eric Frank Thomas
Honda Civic
12:14.439 3:52.198 H1 3 S2 65
176. 183 Roggenbuck Holger Telgenbrok Johannes
VW Golf GTI
13:05.531 4:43.290 SP3 23 S2 66
177. 640 Thaler Christian Schmitt Karsten
Mauer Markus
Renault Clio RS
13:13.241 4:51.000 CUP2 7 S2 67
- 138 Streun Peter Herre Volker
Wiegner Axel
BMW E 30
00.000   SP4 - S1 -
- 251 Klinkhammer Jörg Jung Michael
VW Polo
00.000   SP1 - S2 -